But what is the present participle? How is it formed? Allow me to explain:
The present participle is, basically, the -ing form of English. It is used many ways, including as part of the present progressive. To form the present participle, remove the -ar, -er or -ir ending and add the following:
-er --> -iendo
-ir --> -iendo
Of course there are some verbs that do not follow the regular pattern:
So now that you know all the parts of the present progressive, let's put it together to make a sentence. Remember, the formula for forming the present progressive is:
The form of estar changes based on the subject, but the present participle stays the same throughout the present progressive, based on the above rules. So, I am eating would be: Estoy comiendo. She is eating is: Está comiendo
Here are a few more examples:
We are talking
They are asking for money
Están pidiendo dinero
Are you sleeping?
The teacher is reading a book
El maestro está leyendo un libro
*Note that the verb ir is rarely used in the present progressive form. The simple present tense generally expresses the idea that someone is going, even if it is occuring right now.
I am going to the store. = Voy a la tienda.
We are going to the airport right now. = Vamos al aeropuerto ahora mismo.
Now it's your turn! Let's practice the present progressive form with the two exercises below.
¡Mi vida loca!
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